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learn guitar  | acoustic guitar | recording guitar 

  

   Tips For Playing Electric Acoustic Guitar 

       (Part Two - Recording Your Guitar)

 

 
  Acoustic guitars thrive on live acoustics, and insufficient
  natural reverb is a common problem when recording them in small
  home studios.  Here's some tips for playing acoustic electric
  guitar in the recording environment.

  Even though pickups on acoustic guitars have come a long way, you
  will probably get the best results from using a combination of
  pickup and microphone.


  Tips for playing acoustic electric guitar: tip 6

  Recording acoustic guitar

  If possible record your acoustic guitar in a 'live' room, a medium size room   with a wooden floor will be a good place to start.

  The whole body of an acoustic guitar resonates to produce sound
  and they almost always sound better when recorded with a good
  microphone, rather than relying 100% on using their pick-ups.


  Tips for playing acoustic electric guitar: tip 7

  Microphones

  The mic can be pointed directly towards the sound hole or aimed
  behind the bridge for a more percussive effect. A third position
  to try is the front of the neck, at the point where it joins the
  body, although this can accentuate fret buzz and finger squeaks.
  A Neumann U87 or a pair of Neumann KM84s in stereo are ideal
  microphones for capturing the natural sound of the acoustic
  guitar. The unidirectional Shure SM81 or SM7 also work very
  well.

  By using a U87 close up and another condenser mic in a more
  distant location, a really high-low sound can be obtained if the
  frequencies at 200Hz and 10Hz are boosted at the console with
  some attenuation at around 500Hz or 700Hz.

  When using stereo microphones, a more spacious image will be
  produced, the signals being panned left and right. Phase
  cancellation can be avoided by careful mic placement and a
  monitoring check in mono.

  If the acoustic guitar is being recorded at the same time as the
  rhythm section of a band, leakage is usually  a concern, and
  close miking will be necessary. It is unlikely that the guitarist
  will remain still enough to use a cardioid pattern mic due to the
  proximity effect, so an omni-directional microphone is suggested.



  Tips for playing acoustic electric guitar: tip 8

  recording direct: using DI box

  To record your acoustic electric guitar directly to a mixing
  console you will need to have a matching transformer placed
  between the guitar and the console; usually this takes the form
  of a DI box.

  The Boss DI -1 Guitar Direct injection pedal is an excellent DI
  box for recording your acoustic guitar signal

  The Boss D1-1 has a single input | para out |unbalance out on the
  front panel (the para out goes to the amp - which can be miked
  up).

  On the back panel there’s a balanced out / cannon jack for the
  mixer also NOR| INV and NOR|LIFT for any earth/ground hum issues.



  Tips for playing acoustic electric guitar: tip 9

  recording using miniature microphones

  Shure manufactures the SM17 miniature dynamic microphone which is
  designed especially for mounting on acoustic instruments. It
  provides excellent isolation from other instruments and freedom
  from feedback.

  Some guitar repair people even install these small microphones
  inside the guitar and face the microphone at a 45% angle out
  towards the strings, aimed at the center of the sound hole. When
  the microphone is installed in this manner, it need to be shock
  mounted so as not to pick up unwanted vibrations from the guitar
  body.

  Frequencies of interest:

  80 Hz to 120Hz - bass.
  240Hz - body or fullness.
  2.5kHz to 5kHz - clarity
  10kHz - sizzle


  Here are the frequencies for the six sting acoustic guitar tuned
  to standard tuning.

  1st string - E:329.6Hz

  2nd string - B:246.9Hz

  3rd string - G:196.0Hz

  4th string - D:146.8Hz

  5th string - A:110.0Hz

  6th string - E:82.4Hz


  The most common tuning system for the 12-string guitar is having
  the first two pairs of strings tuned in unison (the same), while
  the remaining pairs are tuned one octave apart.

  Frequencies for the 12-sting acoustic guitar tuned to standard
  tuning.

  1st string - E:329.6Hz

  2nd string - E:329.6Hz

  3rd string - B:246.9Hz

  4th string - B:246.9Hz

  5th string - G:196.0Hz

  6th string - G:392.0Hz

  7th string - D:146.8Hz

  8th string - D:293.6Hz

  9th string - A:110.0Hz

  10th string - A:220.0Hz

  11th string - E:82.4Hz

  12th string - E:164.8Hz

  Using these tips for playing acoustic electric guitar fine sounds
  can be obtained by mixing a combination of signals from both the
  pick-up and the microphone.


   

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